Gov. James M. Cox (1870-1957)
-- founder of the Dayton Daily News,
Ohio governor & 1920 presidential candidate
James Middleton Cox became a newspaper publisher at the age of 28 when he purchased the Dayton Evening News in 1898. He later served two terms in Congress and was elected governor of Ohio three times. He was the Democratic nominee for president in 1920. |
After retiring from politics, Gov. Cox built a newspaper and broadcasting empire which is now Cox Enterprises Inc.
James Cox was born March 31, 1870 in Jacksonburg, Ohio, the son of Gilbert and Eliza Cox. He married Margaretta Blair, Sept. 15, 1917. Their children include James McMahon Cox, Barbara Cox Anthony and Anne Cox Chambers.
Gov. Cox died July 15, 1957.
Democratic presidential nominee James Cox (left) campaigns in Dayton with running mate Franklin Roosevelt in 1920.
Career: James Cox worked as a schoolteacher, a reporter for the Cincinnati Enquirer and a congressional aide before buying the Dayton Evening News from Charles H. Simms on Aug. 15, 1898. On Aug. 22 the first issue of the Dayton Daily News appeared.
In 1908 Cox was elected to Congress, where he served two terms. In 1913 he was elected governor of Ohio. He lost his bid for re-election in 1915 (it was then a two-year term), but was elected again in 1917 and re-elected in 1919.
In 1920 James M. Cox was the Democratic nominee for president, with a young Franklin Delano Roosevelt as his running mate. He lost to fellow Ohioan Warren G. Harding.
After retiring from politics Cox concentrated on expanding his media business. He bought the Miami Metropolis in 1923, the Atlanta Journal in 1939, and in 1949 he bought and merged his two Dayton competitors, the Herald and the Journal.
He was also an innovator in new media, launching Dayton's first radio station, WHIO, in 1934. In 1948 he opened the South's first television station, WSB-TV in Atlanta.
Selected Dayton Daily News stories on Gov. Cox:
compiled by the Dayton Daily News Library staff
last update: 8-25-1998